2 Kings 17 part 10
In tonightís lesson we will learn about the last king of Israel and their down fall as they are defeated and taken into Assyrian captivity around 722 B.C.
2 Kings 17:1 In
the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah, Hoshea the son of Elah became king of
Once again we see the familiar phrase that applies to all of
the kings of
Last week we learned that the Assyrians had already taken
2 Kings 17:4 And the
king of Assyria uncovered a conspiracy by Hoshea; for he had sent messengers to
So, king of Egypt, and brought no tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had
done year by year. Therefore the king of
Hoshea was tired of being
a slave and paying the Assyrians off so, he tried to strike a deal with the
king of Egypt and implied by our verse he took the money that he would have
gave to the Asyrians and was going to give it to the king of Egypt if he would
help them overcome the Assyrians. However, the king of
Historians tell us this was tactical strategy of the Assyrians. When they would defeat a nation, they would divide them up with other nations so they would lose their identity, which would make them less of threat in the future. Now in our next verses we are given a basic summary of why God is allowing this northern kingdom to be done away with.
2 Kings 17:7 For so
it was that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, who
had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh
king of Egypt; and they had feared other gods,†
8 and had walked in the statutes of the nations whom the LORD
had cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel,
which they had made.† 9 Also
the children of
There is great lesson to
be learned here by
While we can see that God mercy and grace has a limit at the same time we can see just how merciful He is because He put up with their wickedness for over 200 years before He allowed them to completely destroyed. We can see how loving He was because He did everything He could to get them to choose to turn back to Him. He sent prophets to them warning them to turn away from their sinful path, but they were unwilling to do this.
Instead, they chose to worship the false way and engage in all kinds of sinful activities that were associated with the worship of these false gods. Now, I mentioned last week that King Ahaz is the first recorded Israelite that offered his son up to Molek by sending him into the fire. However, verse 17 indicates that the northern tribe had started doing this as well. We are not given a specific date of when they did it, but it possible that they were doing this even before King Ahaz did. Due to the continuous evil practices, notice again what verse,
18 Therefore the LORD was very angry
The main lesson that Judah and we today should learn from
this is that God is longsuffering toward us and He wants all of us to repent
and turn to Him, but His longsuffering will not last forever and all those who
oppose Him will suffer His wrath because He is a just God. This is certainly a
great lesson for the denominations to learn today. In many ways they are like
the northern kingdom of
When we get to the point where our way overrides Godís way then we are following the false way and God is not going to be pleased with us. Let me give you one more example that will drive point home.
Nadab and Abihu were Aaronís sons and they were official priests for the Lord. They knew exactly what God had commanded, but for whatever reason they decided to do things there way.
Leviticus 10:1 Then Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer and put fire in it, put incense on it, and offered profane fire before the LORD, which He had not commanded them.† 2 So fire went out from the LORD and devoured them, and they died before the LORD.
Of course many other examples could be given, but this clearly shows us that God means what He says and that He will not tolerate those who try to do things there way. When people add or take away from Godís will they are making themselves out to be better than God and when they say things like, ďOh, Godís grace will cover it all,Ē they are sadly mistaken. So, as Christians today we must always remember the mercy and the severity of God.
2 Kings 17:19 †Also
2 Kings 17:20 And the
LORD rejected all the descendants of Israel, afflicted them, and delivered them
into the hand of plunderers, until He had cast them from His sight.† 21 For He tore Israel from
the house of David, and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king. Then Jeroboam
Next we learn more about what the Assyrians do to those they captured.
2 Kings 17:24 Then the king of Assyria brought people from Babylon, Cuthah, (koo-thuh) Ava, Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, (seh-fur-vay-uhm) and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel; and they took possession of Samaria and dwelt in its cities.
Again this was the tactic
of the Assyrians they would put these different nations together so that they
would intermarry and lose their identity. As we learned in our Wednesday night
class not all of the
It is also believed that
when the Babylonians took over the Assyrians that they would have still had
some of these Jews from the northern kingdom as captives. Then when
Ezra 6:17 †And they offered sacrifices at the dedication of this house of God, one hundred bulls, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs, and as a sin offering for all Israel twelve male goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel.
Notice, they made a sin offering for all 12 tribes. We also learn that some of those belonging to the northern kingdom could trace their lineage back to their particular tribe. We have an example of this in,
Luke 2:36 ††Now there was one, Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. †
As for the majority of the 10 tribes most of them were scattered through out the land as God said would happen to the Jews if they did not obey Him.
Deuteronomy 28:64 Then the LORD will scatter you among all peoples, from one end of the earth to the other, and there you shall serve other gods, which neither you nor your fathers have known -- wood and stone.† 65 "And among those nations you shall find no rest, nor shall the sole of your foot have a resting place; but there the LORD will give you a trembling heart, failing eyes, and anguish of soul.† 66 "Your life shall hang in doubt before you; you shall fear day and night, and have no assurance of life.
It is possible that I
have missed some other reference, but as far as I know these are the only ones
that give us any clues about what happened to the 10 tribes of
2 Kings 17:25 And it
was so, at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they did not fear
the LORD; therefore the LORD sent lions among them, which killed some of
them.† 26 So they spoke to the
king of Assyria, saying, "The nations whom you have removed and placed in
the cities of
Once these new people had
settled in the land they did not fear God so, he sent lions to kill some of
them. These people knew that it must have been the Israel God. We need keep in
mind that Pagans of that day believed that different regions had different
godís and in their minds they considered the God of Israel as just one of the
many gods out there. So, they were willing to find out what they needed to do
to appease God almighty. However, the problem was they were sent a priest from
2 Kings 17:29 However
every nation continued to make gods of its own, and put them in the
shrines on the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation
in the cities where they dwelt.† 30
The men of
This proves what I just told you. These pagan people feared the Lord now, but they didnít fear him alone because they also wanted to worship these different Godís they were familiar with from where the came from. They even burned their children in fire. Also verse 29 is where we see these newly formed people are called Samaritans. Now, lets read the conclusion.
2 Kings 17:34 To this day they continue practicing the former rituals; they do not fear the LORD, nor do they follow their statutes or their ordinances, or the law and commandment which the LORD had commanded the children of Jacob, whom He named Israel,† 35 with whom the LORD had made a covenant and charged them, saying: "You shall not fear other gods, nor bow down to them nor serve them nor sacrifice to them;† 36 "but the LORD, who brought you up from the land of Egypt with great power and an outstretched arm, Him you shall fear, Him you shall worship, and to Him you shall offer sacrifice.† 37 "And the statutes, the ordinances, the law, and the commandment which He wrote for you, you shall be careful to observe forever; you shall not fear other gods.† 38 "And the covenant that I have made with you, you shall not forget, nor shall you fear other gods.† 39 "But the LORD your God you shall fear; and He will deliver you from the hand of all your enemies."† 40 However they did not obey, but they followed their former rituals.† 41 So these nations feared the LORD, yet served their carved images; also their children and their children's children have continued doing as their fathers did, even to this day.
For a long time these Samaritans continued worshiping God on one hand and then worshiping these false God on the hand. However, sometime between then and the first century the Samaritans stopped worshipping false Godís and they worshipped God almighty alone and they had their own version Torah or first 5 books of the Bible and that was their doctrine. They didnít consider any of the books of the O.T. as being the Word of God. ††