2 Kings 11 -12 part 7
Tonight we will start out examining the reign of Joash also called Jehoash who was crowned king at the age of 7. 2 Chron. 24 also records the reign of Jehoash and gives us more details. So, part of study will come from it.
2 Kings 12:1 In
the seventh year of Jehu, Jehoash became king, and he reigned forty years in
We are not given a great deal of information of what this king did in his long 40 year reign other than his accomplishment of repairing Solomonís temple. Now as long as Jehoiada was alive Jehoash did things right in the sight of God. However, we will find out in 2 Chron. 24 how Jehoash went down hill after Jehoiada dies. One of the main problems that most the good kings had was getting rid of these high places. There were always some Jews who wanted to worship these false Gods. This idolatry would not be cured until the Babylonian captivity. 2 Chron. 24 tells us that Jehoiada gets2 wives for Jehoash and has sons and daughters with them.
2 Kings 12:4 And Jehoash said to the priests, "All the money of the dedicated gifts that are brought into the house of the LORD -- each man's census money, each man's assessment money -- and all the money that a man purposes in his heart to bring into the house of the LORD,† 5 "let the priests take it themselves, each from his constituency; and let them repair the damages of the temple, wherever any dilapidation is found."† 6 Now it was so, by the twenty-third year of King Jehoash, that the priests had not repaired the damages of the temple.† 7 So King Jehoash called Jehoiada the priest and the other priests, and said to them, "Why have you not repaired the damages of the temple? Now therefore, do not take more money from your constituency, but deliver it for repairing the damages of the temple."† 8 And the priests agreed that they would neither receive more money from the people, nor repair the damages of the temple.
2 Chron. 24 says the
kingís command was urgent that the temple be restored. This money was to come
from 3 sources. The first source was the half shekel required for the census of
those 20 years and older (Exodus 30:13). The second source was the money given
for the redemption of the first born (Num. 18:15-16) and those who took a vow
(Lev. 27:2-8). The 3rd source was from those who gave free will
offering. They were take money from constituency, which means friends. 2 Chron.
24 tells us that this means they were to go out into all the cities of
Now even though Jehoash command was urgent we can see that they were not doing what they were told to do and now itís the 23rd year of his reign. Now, we can assume 2 things from this. Either the money they collected wasnít enough to do the repairs or this priesthood was corrupt. So, now the king will take matters into his own hands.
2 Kings 12:9 Then Jehoiada the priest took a chest, bored a hole in its lid, and set it beside the altar, on the right side as one comes into the house of the LORD; and the priests who kept the door put there all the money brought into the house of the LORD.† 10 So it was, whenever they saw that there was much money in the chest, that the king's scribe and the high priest came up and put it in bags, and counted the money that was found in the house of the LORD.† 11 Then they gave the money, which had been apportioned, into the hands of those who did the work, who had the oversight of the house of the LORD; and they paid it out to the carpenters and builders who worked on the house of the LORD,† 12 and to masons and stonecutters, and for buying timber and hewn stone, to repair the damage of the house of the LORD, and for all that was paid out to repair the temple.† 13 However there were not made for the house of the LORD basins of silver, trimmers, sprinkling-bowls, trumpets, any articles of gold or articles of silver, from the money brought into the house of the LORD.† 14 But they gave that to the workmen, and they repaired the house of the LORD with it.† 15 Moreover they did not require an account from the men into whose hand they delivered the money to be paid to workmen, for they dealt faithfully.† 16 The money from the trespass offerings and the money from the sin offerings was not brought into the house of the LORD. It belonged to the priests.
2 Chr. 24 tells us that the king is the one who made the request for a chest to be made for the people to put money in it. This is the first time we find a collection box being made and it apparently became a permanent part of the temple because we see the say type of collection box used in the NT with the widow and her two mites (Mark 12:42). The king was not disappointed because the people came through and filled the chest with money and the repairs began. According 2 Chr. 24, Queen Athaliah had taken many things from the temple to use for the worship of Baal. So, a lot of this damage most likely came from her.† They only had enough money to fix the essentials, so there wasnít enough money to bring back some of the silver and gold objects that used to be there during Solomonís time. It is good to see that the priesthood was dealing faithful with all this money that had come in for the repair of the temple.
2 Chronicles 24:13 So the workmen labored, and the work was completed by them; they restored the house of God to its original condition and reinforced it.† 14 When they had finished, they brought the rest of the money before the king and Jehoiada; they made from it articles for the house of the LORD, articles for serving and offering, spoons and vessels of gold and silver. And they offered burnt offerings in the house of the LORD continually all the days of Jehoiada.
Once they completed the restoration of the temple they had enough money left over to make few articles out of gold and silver and temple worship was restored as long Jhoiada was alive.
2 Chronicles 24:15 But
Jehoiada grew old and was full of days, and he died; he was one hundred
and thirty years old when he died.† 16
And they buried him in the City of
Jehoiada was God fearing
man and he had served God well. He lived longer then most during his time as he
made to the age of 130. He was honored by being buried among the Kings for his
great service to God, his house and
2 Chronicles 24:17 Now
after the death of Jehoiada the leaders of
This is what can happen when a strong spiritual leader dies
and no one else has been trained or encouraged to fill his shoes. Even though
Joash grew up under Jehoiada and followed his lead for all these years, he now
has turned his back on God and listened to the people because he was a follower
instead of a leader. Now
2 Chronicles 24:20 Then the Spirit of God came upon Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest, who stood above the people, and said to them, "Thus says God: 'Why do you transgress the commandments of the LORD, so that you cannot prosper? Because you have forsaken the LORD, He also has forsaken you.' "† 21 So they conspired against him, and at the command of the king they stoned him with stones in the court of the house of the LORD.† 22 Thus Joash the king did not remember the kindness which Jehoiada his father had done to him, but killed his son; and as he died, he said, "The LORD look on it, and repay!"
Now I find this very sad. After Jehoiada had been like a father to Joash and treated him kindly, he now kills one of his sons. All Zechariah was doing was trying to get Joash to return back to God and he has him stoned to death. But, before Zechariah dies he prays to that God will repay this great injustice and as we will see God answer that request.
2 Chronicles 24:23 So it happened in the spring of the year that the army of Syria came up against him; and they came to Judah and Jerusalem, and destroyed all the leaders of the people from among the people, and sent all their spoil to the king of Damascus.† 24 For the army of the Syrians came with a small company of men; but the LORD delivered a very great army into their hand, because they had forsaken the LORD God of their fathers. So they executed judgment against Joash.
2 Kings 12: 17-18 informs us that this is Hazael that is leading this attack. This attack was a direct result of Joash turning his back on God and killing Zechariah. We also find out 2 Kingsí account that Joash gives all the treasures of the temple to Hazael to get him to leave them alone.
2 Chronicles 24:25 And
when they had withdrawn from him (for they left him severely wounded), his own
servants conspired against him because of the blood of the sons of Jehoiada the
priest, and killed him on his bed. So he died. And they buried him in the City
So, he was already severely wounded and most likely would have died on his own, but his own servants killed him in his bed for what he had done to Zechariah and they did not honor him at his death because they wouldnít bury him with the kings. Now, Amaziah his son reigns in his place.
Everything we have looked at in chapter 12 had to do with the southern kingdom, but in chapter 13 we will now turn our attention to the northern kingdom.
2 Kings 13:1 In the
twenty-third year of Joash the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son
of Jehu became king over
I have pointed out before that was easy for a scribe to miscopy a numbers in the Hebrew. Most scholars believe that is what happened in this verse where is says the twenty-third year because this disagrees with 2 Kings 13:10. Josephus stated that the ascension of Jehoahaz really took place in "the twenty-first year" of Joash (Antiquities ix. 8, 5). The 21st year would agree with 2 Kings 13:10.
We are introduced to Jehoahaz the new king of
Even though Jheoahaz had turned to God for help, he and his
people were not willing to fully commit themselves to God because they still
sinned by worshiping the false Gods of Jeroboam. The Syrians had done great
2 Kings 13:10 In the
thirty-seventh year of Joash king of Judah, Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz became
king over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years.† 11 And he did evil in the sight of
the LORD. He did not depart from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who
This is brief summary of King Joash who reined for 16 years. Once again, this king was a bad one. We will learn little more about him in next verses and in chapter 14, which we will look at next week.
2 Kings 13:14 Elisha
had become sick with the illness of which he would die. Then Joash the king of
Elisha was very old now,
some have estimated that he was round 90 years old and now we will see one last
prophecy that he will make that will come to pass. Even Joash was a bad king,
at this moment he showed great compassion for this man of God and wept over
him. Elisha prophecy was different this time. Fist he has him shoot an arrow,
which showed that God would deliver them from the Syrians. Next he is told to
take the arrows he had and strike the ground, but he only does it 3 times and
this makes Elisha angry and now instead of destroying
Now, this may seem kind of strange that it would based on how many times Joash struck the floor with arrows, but the point of the matter is that he didnít show much zeal with the request of Elisha. To only strike the floor 3 times showed that he was only make half hearted effort and that is why Elisha was angered by it.
2 Kings 13:20 Then
Elisha died, and they buried him. And the raiding bands from
Many times miracles were done to prove something and I believe this miracle was proof that Elisha prophecy would come true and it also confirmed that Elisha was a prophet of God. What a sight that must have been to put dead man next to the bones of Elisha and then all of sudden this dead man was alive. This was a unique miracle.
2 Kings 13:22 And
Hazael king of
As we come to the close of the chapter we see Elisha prophecy fulfilled because Joash struck the Syrians 3 times and was able to get back the cities that were lost to his father. This also shows us why some consider Joash as one the redeemers that God said he would send. Finally, we see that Hazael dies and his son Ben-Hadad reigns in his place.†